String

Definition

A String is defined as a finite sequence of characters from some character set. It can include letters, digits, punctuation marks, and other symbols. The String data type represents sequences of characters.

Syntax

The syntax for declaring a String variable in OCL is straightforward. For example:

  variableName: String
  This declares a variable named `variableName` of type String.

Operations

OCL provides several operations that can be performed on String data types. Some common operations include:

  - Concatenation: Combining two strings together to form a new string.
  - Length: Determining the number of characters in a string.
  - Substring: Extracting a portion of a string.
  - Comparison: Comparing two strings for equality or ordering.
  - Conversion: Converting a string to upper case, lower case, or other formats.

Constraints

In OCL, constraints can be applied to String data types to specify rules or conditions that must be satisfied. For example, constraints can specify the minimum or maximum length of a string, character patterns it must match, or any other relevant conditions.

Examples

  - Concatenation:
    let str1: String = "Hello";
    let str2: String = " World";
    let result: String = str1.concat(str2);  -- Result will be "Hello World"
  - Length:
    let str: String = "Hello";
    let length: Integer = str.size();  -- Length will be 5
  - Substring:
    let str: String = "Hello World";
    let sub: String = str.substring(6, 5);  -- Substring will be "World"
  - Comparison:
    let str1: String = "apple";
    let str2: String = "banana";
    let isEqual: Boolean = str1 = str2;  -- isEqual will be false
  - Constraint:
    context Person
    inv: name.size() >= 2  -- Ensures that the name of a person must be at least 2 characters long

The String data type in OCL represents sequences of characters and provides operations and constraints for manipulating and constraining strings in model constraints and expressions.

Special string constants / String escape sequences

To insert a row break use '\r\n'

To insert a tab use '\t'

See this link: What are all the escape characters? - Stack Overflow

See also: Number conversions

This page was edited 29 days ago on 06/17/2024. What links here